NASA has the launch date of the Mars 2020 mission scheduled between July 17, 2020, and Aug. 5, 2020, which is almost a year from now. The mission is dated to be launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station followed by a landing on February 18, 2021, on the Jezero Crater. The project had kicked off back in 2013 and has just decided on its final launch dates. According to Mars 2020 Project Manager John McNamee from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, the spacecraft’s technologies have just started syncing in with the scheduled timeline.
The engineers from JPL have attached a sensor-filled turret at the end of the robotic arm of the rover. And its tower has the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry, powerful coring and drill mechanism, and the Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman & Luminescence for Organics & Chemicals science device. The arm and turret are working together for unfolding the interesting geologic features, collecting samples, exploring, and scraping for further investigation using Sample Caching System of Mars 2020 mission. The samples including Martian rocks, soil, and others are expected to be returned to the Earth by the future missions.
In the same way, many researchers from Harvard University, the University of Edinburgh, and NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory are investigating the use of aerogel on Mars as it is believed to help shield Mars from icing, UV rays, or high temperatures and make conditions favorable for human survival. This frozen smoke material could possibly help make Mars habitable as well as commence photosynthesis in the coming years. NASA is adamant on sending humans to Mars and is, thus, exploring various means to help make Mars habitable for human colonies in the next 5 Years. Though the chances of survival on the Red Planet may seem zero NASA researchers plan to do the odds.